People with diabetes are not able to properly convert food into energy. A properly functioning pancreas sends insulin into the bloodstream on a regular basis. The insulin is an essential factor in processing the sugar and fat derived from food. Diabetes occurs when the body has insufficient insulin, has no insulin, or has improperly functioning insulin. Without the necessary insulin, the body is unable to deal with the sugar and fat in foods and the person can become very ill unless they have appropriate treatment. There are two different kinds of diabetes, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is most often seen in people who are 30 or younger. It is often seen in children, and it was originally referred to as juvenile diabetes. With type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system attacks and destroys the cells responsible for releasing insulin. This means that the body isn't able to produce the necessary insulin, which can result in many health issues. Although type 1 diabetes is not preventable, it is controllable with the use of injectable insulin and healthy lifestyle choices recommended by the doctor.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1. People with type 2 diabetes make insulin, but their insulin does not work like it should. Type 2 diabetes often occurs in people who are overweight or obese. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes can be prevented with the proper lifestyle choices and medical treatment. Weight loss, regular exercise, and a healthy, long term diet may help people avoid type 2 diabetes. People who have type 2 diabetes can control their condition with good lifestyle choices and medication. The doctor may prescribe oral medication or insulin for type 2 diabetes.
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